In this blog, we are going to discuss UPSC History, Power and Function, Organisational Structure, Construction, All India Service and many more…

Union Public Service Commission (संघ लोक सेवा आयोग), commonly abbreviated as UPSC, is India’s premier central recruiting agency. UPSC is responsible for appointments and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. While the Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India.

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The agency’s charter is granted by Part XIV of the Constitution of India, titled as “Services Under the Union and the States”. The commission is mandated by the Constitution for appointments to the services of the Union and All India Services. It is also required to be consulted by the Government in matters relating to the appointment, transfer, promotion and disciplinary matters. The commission reports directly to the President and can advise the Government through him. Although, such advice is not binding on the Government. Being a constitutional authority, “UPSC” is among the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom, along with the country’s higher judiciary and lately the Election Commission.

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Headquarter:- The commission is headquartered at Dholpur House, in New Delhi and functions through its secretariat.

UPSC History

The Royal Commission on the Superior Civil Services in India was set up under the chairmanship of Lord Lee of Framed by the British Government in 1923. With equal numbers of Indian and British members, the commission submitted its report in 1924, recommending setting up of a Public Service Commission. The Lee Commission proposed that 40% of future entrants should be British, 40% Indians directly recruited, and 20% Indians promoted from the provincial services.

This led to the establishment of the first Public Service Commission on 1 October 1926 under the chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker. A mere limited advisory function was granted to the Public Service Commission and the leaders of the freedom movement continually stressed on this aspect, which then resulted in the setting up of a Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act, 1935.

“The Federal Public Service Commission became the Union Public Service Commission” after independence. It was given a constitutional status with “under of Constitution of India on 26 January 1950″.

Constitutional status:- Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution, titled as Services Under the Union and the States, provide for a Public Service Commission for the Union and each state. Accordingly, as per Art. 315, at Union level, Union Public Service Commission is envisaged by it. “UPSC” is among the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom, along with the country’s higher judiciary and lately the Election Commission.

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UPSC Power and Functions

Article  320, it shall be the duty of “The Union Public Service Commissions” to conduct examinations for appointments to the services of the Union. It shall also assist two or more States, if requested so, in framing and operating schemes of joint recruitment for any services.

The Union Public Service Commission consults on all matters relating to

  • Methods of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts
  • Making appointments to civil services and posts
  • Making promotions and transfers from one service to another
  • The suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions or transfers
  • All disciplinary matters against a civil servant serving in a civil capacity, including memorials or petitions relating to such matters.
  • Any claim by or in respect of a person who is serving or has served in a civil capacity, that any costs incurred by him in defending legal proceedings instituted against him in respect of acts done or purporting to be done in the execution of his duty should be paid out of the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • Any claim for the award of a pension in respect of injuries sustained by a person while serving in a civil capacity, and any question as to the amount of such award.
  • It shall be the duty of a Union Public Service Commission to advise on any matter referred to them; provided that the President has not made any regulations specifying the matters in which it shall not be necessary for Union Public Service Commission to be consulted.

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Organisational structure

The Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the President of India. Usually, the Commission consists of 9 to 11 members including the chairman. Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.

The terms and conditions of service of chairman and members of the Commission are governed by “The Union Public Service Commission” (Members) Regulations, 1969.

The chairman and any other member of the Commission can submit his resignation at any time to the President of India. He may be removed from his office by the President of India on the ground of misbehaviour (only if an inquiry of such misbehaviour is made and upheld by Supreme Court) or if he is adjudged insolvent, or engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office, or in the opinion of the President unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.

 UPSC Present members

Current members of the Commission
NameServicePositionTerm startedTerm-end
Arvind SaxenaIndian Postal ServiceChair29 Nov 201807 Jul 2020
Pradeep Kumar JoshiAcademicianMember12 May 201512 May 2021
Bhim sain BassiIPSMember31 May 201619 Feb 2021
Air Marshal Ajit BhonsleIndian Air ForceMember21 Feb 201714 Feb 2022
Sujata MehtaIndian Foreign ServiceMember29 Feb 201729 Mar 2022
Manoj SoniAcademicianMember28 Jun 201727 Jun 2023
Smita NagarajIASMember01 Dec 201721 Sep 2023
M. SathiyavathyIASMember09 Apr 201815 May 2023
Bharat Bhushan VyasIASMember13 Dec 201814 Nov 2022
T. C. A. AnantIndian Economic ServiceMember14 Jan 201902 Jan 2023
Rajiv Nayan ChoubeyIASMember01 Feb 201927 Jan 2024



The Higher Civil Services of India can be classified into two types – “The All India Services and the Central Civil Services (Group A)”. The recruits are university graduates (or above) selected through a rigorous system of examinations: Civil Services Examination, Engineering Services Examination, Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination, I.E.S./I.S.S. Examination, Combined Medical Services Examination, Central Armed Police Forces of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for Group A posts.

All India Services:- All appointments to All India Civil Services are made by the President of India. All India service are Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Forest Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS) and here is a list of Central Services Group A.

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